Author: Brian McCabe


DNA of Game of Thrones characters to be revealed at Titanic event

DNA of Game of Thrones characters to be revealed at major Titanic event

The DNA of the people of the North of Ireland will be revealed during a conference in the Titanic Centre on Friday  16th and Saturday 17th February.  Genetic Genealogy Ireland , which is a part of the Back To Our Past family/social history and genealogy event, brings together academics and hobbyists to demonstrate how DNA testing has revolutionised family history research and uncovered shocking surprises about who we think we are.

One of the highlights will Donna Rutherford’s talk as she  takes the audience  on a genetic romp into the world of Game of Thrones, revealing the surprises that DNA testing of the various characters would expose. So if you are a Game of Thrones fan, this is not to be missed.

DNA testing as a genealogical tool has really taken off in recent years and thousands of people across the North of Ireland have already tested, largely due to the outreach efforts of the North of Ireland Family History Society. The NIFHS holds regular classes on DNA testing and several DNA Interest Groups have sprung up all across the North of Ireland. More and more people are breaking through their genealogical  ‘Brick Walls’ as a result of establishing genetic connections with distant cousins they never knew existed.

The free lectures run from 10.30 am to 4.30 pm each day and include ‘how to’ talks for those new to DNA testing, as well as talks of general interest and specialist topics.

Prof Jim Mallory from Queens University Belfast will summarise the archaeological, linguistic and genetic evidence that describes the origins of the people of Ireland & Britain. The Irish DNA Atlas project recently published the findings of their 6 years of research and Ed Gilbert (the lead author) will discuss the results, the ten distinct genetic groups they discovered within Ireland, and how these compare to genetic groups in the UK and Europe. Some of the groups are ‘ancient Irish’ whilst others reflect inflow of DNA from external groups, including the Vikings.

Several case studies will be presented illustrating how Y-DNA in particular lends itself to the study of surnames (e.g. Irvine, Kemp). There will be a particular focus on the most popular test with genealogists (autosomal DNA) and techniques to harness its power will be demonstrated. Brad Larkin will discuss what DNA reveals about Irish clans and the British monarchy, whilst Debbie Kennett gives an apt presentation on how DNA has solved several of the mysteries associated with the sinking of the Titanic.

Each day will end with an Ask the Experts session where the audience can ask any question they like to a panel of experts.

So whether you are a seasoned genealogist or simply have a passing interest in the topic, come and enjoy the fun. You will definitely learn something new about yourself!

The full DNA lecture programme is available on the Genetic Genealogy Ireland website at


Genetic Genealogy Ireland (GGI) runs as part of Back to Our Past (BTOP) at the Titanic Centre, Feb 16-17. The lectures are free and anyone can attend. Admission to BTOP is £10 per day.

If you are interested in visiting or exhibiting,  further information on Back To Our Past is available from the organisers at 003531 4969028 or


GGI is sponsored by FamilyTreeDNA and organised jointly by members of ISOGG (International Society of Genetic Genealogy) and NIFHS (North of Ireland Family History Society).


Tracing your Northern Irish Ancestors: A Three-step Guide

by Brian Mitchell, Derry Genealogy



There are 289 parishes in Northern Ireland (i.e. Counties Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone). You can identify the civil parishes of Northern Ireland, and their associated townlands, at by selecting county of interest on the map. To gain insight into the economic and social landscape of 19th century Ireland you can consult A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, published in 1837, by Samuel Lewis. Arranged in alphabetical order by parishes, towns and villages this book can be viewed online at An excellent starting point for surname research is the ‘Surname Search’ option at where you can explore the location, frequency and history of Irish surnames.


Research Steps

 Step 1 – Search 1901 and 1911 Census Returns

 Although census enumerations were carried out every decade from 1821, the earliest surviving complete return for Ireland is that of 1901. The census enumerations of 1901 and 1911, arranged by townland in rural areas and by street in urban areas, can be searched, for free, at These returns will list the names, ages and place of birth of all members in a household.


Step 2 – Search for births, marriages and deaths

 Civil registration of births, deaths and Roman Catholic marriages in Ireland began on 1st January 1864 while non-Catholic marriages were subject to registration from 1st April 1845. Prior to the commencement of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths in Ireland, family history researchers usually rely on baptismal, marriage and burial registers kept by churches. With civil registration of births and deaths commencing in 1864, and with the patchy survival of church records prior to 1820, gravestone inscriptions can be a vital source for family historians.

Northern Irish Civil Records of births 1864-1915, marriages 1882-1921 and deaths 1891-1921 can now be searched and viewed at On searching index, which returns name, event type, year and name of Superintendent Registrar’s District, a pdf of the full register page in which that birth, marriage or death certificate appears can be downloaded by selecting ‘image’. Images of pre-1882 marriages and pre-1891 deaths will follow later.

You can also search and view ‘historic’ civil records of births, marriages and deaths for Northern Ireland at GRONI Online, by purchasing credits, of births (over 100 years old), marriages (over 75 years old) and deaths (over 50 years old) on the website of the General Register Office of Northern Ireland at

RootsIreland, at, is a good starting point for searching church registers of baptisms, marriages and burials as this website is the largest online source of Northern Irish church register transcripts. You can either search across all counties or search a particular county. For example, Derry Genealogy, at, has transcribed and computerised the early baptismal and marriage registers of 97 churches (38 Roman Catholic, 24 Church of Ireland and 35 Presbyterian) and gravestone inscriptions from 117 graveyards.

As the search facility on this website is very flexible it means that you should be able to determine if any entries of interest to your family history are held on this database. For example, if you are searching for the baptism/birth of a child you can narrow the search down by year, range of years, names of parents and by parish of baptism/district of birth. Marriage searches can be filtered by year, range of years, name of spouse, names of parents and parish/district of marriage.

It must be stated, however, that a failure to find relevant birth/marriage entries in this database doesn’t mean that the events you are looking for didn’t happen in Ireland. It simply means that they are not recorded in the database; for example, they may be recorded in a record source which doesn’t survive for the time period of interest or in a source that has not been computerised.

Microfilm copy of church registers can be examined, at no charge, in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. Their Guide To Church Records, which can be accessed on their website ( by selecting ‘Guides to PRONI records’ lists, in alphabetical order by civil parish, church registers of all denominations for most parishes in Ulster and their commencement dates, together with their microfilm reference details.


Step 3 – Search Census Substitutes

Quite often the only realistic strategy in tracing ancestors beyond church registers (which are the building blocks of family history) is to examine surviving census returns and census substitutes, often compiled by civil parish, for any references to a surname or given name of interest. There are a number of census substitutes – such as 1630 Muster Roll, 1663 Hearth Money Rolls, 1740 Protestant Householders Lists, 1766 Religious Census, 1796 Flax Growers Lists, early-19th century Tithe Books and mid-19th century Griffith’s Valuation – which can be searched to confirm the presence of the family name.

The problem with these sources is that they name heads of household only; hence they provide insufficient information to confirm the nature of linkages between named people in these sources. Census substitutes, however, are very useful in confirming the presence of a family name in a particular townland and/or parish, and in providing some insight into the frequency and distribution of surnames.

You can examine the mid-19th century Griffith’s Valuation at You can search, for free, a number of 18th century census substitutes for Northern Ireland, such as indexes to pre-1858 wills, 1740 Protestant Householders Lists and Religious Census of 1766, by selecting the ‘Name Search’ option in ‘Search archives online’ section of the website of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland at At  you can also search, free of charge, by surname, the Flax Growers Lists of 1796, the Protestant Householders Lists of 1740, the Hearth Money Rolls of the 1660s and early-17th century Muster Rolls for Northern Ireland. Although such sources will confirm the presence of a surname of interest they will not confirm if there is a connection between people with the same surname!