Author: Brian McCabe

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National Archives Talks at Back to our Past Virtual

Tracing the history of the workhouse system in Ireland using sources in the NAI

In his presentation, NAI Senior Archivist Brian Donnelly will outline the history of the workhouse system in Ireland from its inception in the late 1830s to its abolition in the 20th century. He will also explain what records relating to workhouses are available in the National Archives and his talk will be illustrated with documents from the rich holdings of the NAI.

Tracing convict ancestors using sources in the NAI

In his presentation, NAI Keeper Tom Quinlan will describe record collections in the NAI that can be used to trace convict ancestors from the 18th to the early 20th centuries. These sources relate to those who served their sentences either in Ireland or further afield in Australia, among other countries and this talk will be illustrated with images drawn from a variety of record series held in the NAI.

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The Irish and the Scottish Connection

Dr Irene O’Brien of Glasgow City Archives will give three presentations on the Irish who went to Scotland in the last two hundred years and will provide a rich sources of information to help trace Irish migrations

The three presentations are:

Discover your ancestors in Glasgow and Scotland
Introduction to resources to trace your Irish ancestors in Glasgow and Scotland. Will look at ScotlandsPeople records with particular focus on the Irish and to Glasgow City Archives and its sources to help trace Irish migration.

Poor Law Records in Glasgow City Archives
The talk will look at Glasgow City Archives stand-out poor law records for Glasgow and west of Scotland from 1845 to 1930. Large numbers of Irish applied for poor relief and the applications are rich with essential genealogical data and with details of the lives of applicants.

Church Records in Glasgow City Archives and Beyond
The City Archives holds records across many denominations, including Presbyterian and Episcopalian and many other denominations. The talk will cover these and Catholic records (held by their own archives)

Back to our Past 2020

AncestryDNA – Basic Principles for Family History; Combining DNA & Traditional Research Methods

Presented By: Eamon Healy

Synopsis of talk – AncestryDNA is a fantastic tool that can help take your family history research to new levels, but it can be daunting initially. Before you dive in, it helps to have a good understanding of what the test is, what it will provide you with and how to integrate DNA results with your family tree and other sources. In this session, Eamon Healy from Ancestry ProGenealogists will cover these key areas and more.

Bio – Eamon Healy has been part of Ancestry ProGenealogists since 2016. Although working as a professional genealogist for a number of years before he joined Ancestry, he began to use DNA results in his everyday research from this point forward. He is excited to share the basic methodologies and explain the features of AncestryDNA. A Galway native, in his free time he also teaches introduction classes to Irish Genealogy in Crumlin College of Further Education and is currently a Research Masters student in NUI Maynooth.

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Tracing your Irish ancestors in Australian records

Presented by: Debra Carter

 

Synopsis:  The Irish did not immigrate to Australia in large groups or during specific time periods. They immigrated individually or a few family groups at a time from as early as 1788 as convicts and throughout the 19th century, as assisted or unassisted passengers. This presentation will explore tracing your ancestor’s journeys and settlement using available Ancestry® records including the convict collection, passenger lists, government and police gazettes, civil registration and church records, wills and probate and occupational records.

 

Bio: Debra Carter is a Research Team Manager with AncestryProGenealogists, specialising in researching Australian immigrants from the UK and other relevant migratory countries. She has been a professional genealogist for over 10 years, and is a full member of AGRA (Association of Genealogists and Researchers of Archives). She holds the Oxford, Advanced Diploma in Local History and the Society of Australian Genealogists, Certificate in Genealogical Research and is a member of APG and the Guild of One Name Studies (Fleeson and McSpedden, both Irish in origin).

Back to our Past 2020

How to store and preserve your family documents for future generations

Preserving and storing your family history documents for future generations is being covered in this presentation by specialist Christine Deakin at Back to Our Past Virtual this September

Genealogy stationary is a new product and is designed to help with organising your research. These are separate A4 size pages to provide different information you have researched on an individual ancestor. The selection will be shown and discussed.

Christine supplies quality, acid Free products for the preservation of all types of family history memorabilia. She has specifically designed padded binders for certificates, photos and all sizes of documents up to A3 size. Acid Free pockets of all sizes (up to A3 size) as well acid free glue, dividers, pens, card and paper are available. A selection will be shown and discussed.

The Ancestor Research Booklet is another new product with which you record the information of research you have on 68 individuals. It includes 2 x 5 Generation Family Tree Charts. The booklet will be shown and discussed.

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Tracing your Northern Irish Ancestors: A Three-step Guide

by Brian Mitchell, Derry Genealogy

Email: genealogy@derrystrabane.com

Background

There are 289 parishes in Northern Ireland (i.e. Counties Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone). You can identify the civil parishes of Northern Ireland, and their associated townlands, at https://www.johngrenham.com/places/civil_index.php by selecting county of interest on the map. To gain insight into the economic and social landscape of 19th century Ireland you can consult A Topographical Dictionary of Ireland, published in 1837, by Samuel Lewis. Arranged in alphabetical order by parishes, towns and villages this book can be viewed online at http://www.libraryireland.com/topog/placeindex.php. An excellent starting point for surname research is the ‘Surname Search’ option at https://www.johngrenham.com/surnames where you can explore the location, frequency and history of Irish surnames.

 

Research Steps

 Step 1 – Search 1901 and 1911 Census Returns

 Although census enumerations were carried out every decade from 1821, the earliest surviving complete return for Ireland is that of 1901. The census enumerations of 1901 and 1911, arranged by townland in rural areas and by street in urban areas, can be searched, for free, at www.census.nationalarchives.ie. These returns will list the names, ages and place of birth of all members in a household.

 

Step 2 – Search for births, marriages and deaths

 Civil registration of births, deaths and Roman Catholic marriages in Ireland began on 1st January 1864 while non-Catholic marriages were subject to registration from 1st April 1845. Prior to the commencement of civil registration of births, marriages and deaths in Ireland, family history researchers usually rely on baptismal, marriage and burial registers kept by churches. With civil registration of births and deaths commencing in 1864, and with the patchy survival of church records prior to 1820, gravestone inscriptions can be a vital source for family historians.

Northern Irish Civil Records of births 1864-1915, marriages 1882-1921 and deaths 1891-1921 can now be searched and viewed at www.irishgenealogy.ie. On searching index, which returns name, event type, year and name of Superintendent Registrar’s District, a pdf of the full register page in which that birth, marriage or death certificate appears can be downloaded by selecting ‘image’. Images of pre-1882 marriages and pre-1891 deaths will follow later.

You can also search and view ‘historic’ civil records of births, marriages and deaths for Northern Ireland at GRONI Online, by purchasing credits, of births (over 100 years old), marriages (over 75 years old) and deaths (over 50 years old) on the website of the General Register Office of Northern Ireland at https://www.nidirect.gov.uk/services/go-groni-online.

RootsIreland, at www.rootsireland.ie, is a good starting point for searching church registers of baptisms, marriages and burials as this website is the largest online source of Northern Irish church register transcripts. You can either search across all counties or search a particular county. For example, Derry Genealogy, at www.derry.rootsireland.ie, has transcribed and computerised the early baptismal and marriage registers of 97 churches (38 Roman Catholic, 24 Church of Ireland and 35 Presbyterian) and gravestone inscriptions from 117 graveyards.

As the search facility on this website is very flexible it means that you should be able to determine if any entries of interest to your family history are held on this database. For example, if you are searching for the baptism/birth of a child you can narrow the search down by year, range of years, names of parents and by parish of baptism/district of birth. Marriage searches can be filtered by year, range of years, name of spouse, names of parents and parish/district of marriage.

It must be stated, however, that a failure to find relevant birth/marriage entries in this database doesn’t mean that the events you are looking for didn’t happen in Ireland. It simply means that they are not recorded in the database; for example, they may be recorded in a record source which doesn’t survive for the time period of interest or in a source that has not been computerised.

Microfilm copy of church registers can be examined, at no charge, in the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland in Belfast. Their Guide To Church Records, which can be accessed on their website (www.proni.gov.uk) by selecting ‘Guides to PRONI records’ lists, in alphabetical order by civil parish, church registers of all denominations for most parishes in Ulster and their commencement dates, together with their microfilm reference details.

 

Step 3 – Search Census Substitutes

Quite often the only realistic strategy in tracing ancestors beyond church registers (which are the building blocks of family history) is to examine surviving census returns and census substitutes, often compiled by civil parish, for any references to a surname or given name of interest. There are a number of census substitutes – such as 1630 Muster Roll, 1663 Hearth Money Rolls, 1740 Protestant Householders Lists, 1766 Religious Census, 1796 Flax Growers Lists, early-19th century Tithe Books and mid-19th century Griffith’s Valuation – which can be searched to confirm the presence of the family name.

The problem with these sources is that they name heads of household only; hence they provide insufficient information to confirm the nature of linkages between named people in these sources. Census substitutes, however, are very useful in confirming the presence of a family name in a particular townland and/or parish, and in providing some insight into the frequency and distribution of surnames.

You can examine the mid-19th century Griffith’s Valuation at www.askaboutireland.ie/griffith-valuation. You can search, for free, a number of 18th century census substitutes for Northern Ireland, such as indexes to pre-1858 wills, 1740 Protestant Householders Lists and Religious Census of 1766, by selecting the ‘Name Search’ option in ‘Search archives online’ section of the website of the Public Record Office of Northern Ireland at www.proni.gov.uk. At www.ancestryireland.com/scotsinulster  you can also search, free of charge, by surname, the Flax Growers Lists of 1796, the Protestant Householders Lists of 1740, the Hearth Money Rolls of the 1660s and early-17th century Muster Rolls for Northern Ireland. Although such sources will confirm the presence of a surname of interest they will not confirm if there is a connection between people with the same surname!